Methodical recommendations for teaching the agrarian history of Ukraine in the second half of the 19th – first third of the 20th century in secondary school
Main Article Content
The purpose of the research is to analyze and synthesize the problems of modern
methodical support in the process of teaching the agrarian history of Ukraine in the second half of
the 19th – the beginning (first third) of the 20th century in the ninth and tenth grades of secondary
Scientific novelty. The author’s previous publication, which concerned the teaching of the history of Ukraine in the first half of the 19th century about the dominance of the agrarian (agricultural) way of life of the peasantry, has not lost its relevance in the future1. A special place here
belongs to the period, which is usually described as «the beginning of the 20th century». The author
proposes to expand it and define it as «the first third of the 20th century», based on the results of
research recorded in modern Ukrainian historiography. Rejection of the stereotypes of political
history in favor of a more productive socio-cultural (mental) paradigm seems fully justified. The
factual material proposed by the author is also a novelty, which proves the methodical readiness of
the historian teacher to form students’ mathematical, social and civic competence.
Methodology. New approaches will be proposed to solving the didactic tasks of teaching the
history of Ukraine in secondary school, due to the possibility of involving more empirical facts and
a steady trend towards a higher level of their generalization.
Conclusions. Thinking in two directions – scientific and methodical, the author directly and indirectly argues his idea that it is extremely appropriate to add more «agrarian content» to curricula
on the history of Ukraine or an integrated course on history in school education.
The past of Ukraine in the second half of the 19th and the beginning (first third) of the 20th centuries belongs to the «traditional» subjects of the academic discipline «History of Ukraine». Today,
its teaching is organizationally divided between the 9th and 10th grades, which creates additional
difficulties in its study by students. At first glance, it seems that the situation is hopeless and it is
impossible for the teacher to violate these established norms and prescriptions.
The state of affairs has changed noticeably recently, this is primarily due to the spread of digital technologies in the educational space, as well as the reform of the educational sector (transition to the New Ukrainian School). The conducted research convincingly proves the need to make
several important variations in didactics. Also, in addition to the above-mentioned need to expand
the chronology of the teaching of the topic of the first third of the 20th century, attention is drawn
to highlighting the problems of socio-economic modernization of peasants, which during the study
it is advisable for the practicing teacher to return to economic (mathematical) calculations, which
will make it possible to avoid excessive politicization of the educational material. It is worth remembering that the social and economic aspects of life remained dominant for the inhabitants of
the traditional village. Regarding the first third of the 20th century, the teacher should pay attention
not to the factual material itself (besides, it is properly presented in textbooks for students), but to
the formation of social and civic competence. It can be achieved on the basis of education (methodological variation) of the complex evolution of the Ukrainian peasantry, which at that time was
simultaneously involved in several historical processes.
Viddil rukopysiv Rosiiskoi natsionalnoi biblioteky v m. Sankt-Peterbursi. F. 600. Revisiia
senatora О. О. Polovtseva Kyivskoi i Chernihivskoi hubernii. Оd. zb. 623. Sapiska o priobretenii
imenii v Yugo-Zapadnom krae litsami russkogo proischozhdeniia (glavnym obrazom krestianamy)
(posle 1875 g.). [Department of Manuscripts of the Russian National Library in St. Petersburg.
Audit of Senator O. O. Polovtsev of the Kyiv and Chernihiv provinces. Unit coll. 623. Note on the
acquisition of estates in the South-Western region by persons of Russian origin (mainly peasants)
(after 1875)]. 10 аrk. [in Russian].
Danilevskii, G. (1984). Beglye v Novorossii ; Volia (Beglye vorotilis) [Runaways in New
Russia; The Will (The Runaways Returned). Моskva : Chud. lit-ra. [in Russian].
Kornovenko, S., Hlibishchuk, М., Ilnytskyi, V., Kompaniets, О., Losovyi, V., Pasichna, Yu.
& Telvak, V. (2021). Ukrainskyi ahrarysm : revoliutsiinyi fenomen 1917–1921 rr. [Ukrainian agrarianism : the revolutionary phenomenon of 1917–1921]. Cherkasy. [in Ukrainian].
Kliuchovi kompetentnosti zdobuvachiv osvity 5–11 (12)-ch klasiv (hrup) [Key competencies of students of 5–11 (12) grades (groups)]. URL : https://sites.google.com/site/school105kr/
Lokhmatova, А. (2004). Pryiom selian do hromady yak funktsiia orhaniv silskoho
samovriaduvannia v poreformennii Ukraini [Admission of peasants to the community as a function
of rural self-government bodies in post-reform Ukraine]. Pytannia ahrarnoi istorii Ukrainy ta rosii.
Materialy piatykh naukovykh chytan, prysviachenykh pamiati profesora D. Poidy. [Issues of agrarian history of Ukraine and Russia. Materials of the fifth scientific readings dedicated to the memory
of Professor D. Poyda]. Dnipropetrovsk, 53–58. [in Ukrainian].
Mychailiuk, О. (2007). Selianstvo Ukrainy v pershi desiatylittia ХХ st. : Sotsiokulturni
protsesy [The peasantry of Ukraine in the first decades of the 20th century: Sociocultural processes]. Dnipropetrovsk : Innovatsiia. [in Ukrainian].
Mychailiuk, О. (2004). Sotsiokulturnyi aspect doslidzhennia istorii selianstva Ukrainy
revoliutsiinoho periodu [Sociocultural aspect of the study of the history of the peasantry of Ukraine
during the revolutionary period]. Pytannia ahrarnoi istorii Ukrainy ta rosii. Materialy piatykh
naukovykh chytan, prysviachenykh pamiati profesora D. Poidy. [Issues of agrarian history of
Ukraine and Russia. Materials of the fifth scientific readings dedicated to the memory of Professor
D. Poyda]. Dnipropetrovsk, 108–114. [in Ukrainian].
Nechytailo, V. (2005). Selianstvo yak pryrodne yavyshche [The peasantry as a natural phenomenon]. Ukrainskyi selianyn. [Ukrainian peasant], 9, 9–11. [in Ukrainian].
Oryshchenko, R. (2019). Relihiinyi svit ukrainskykh selian druhoi polovyny XIX – pershoi
tretyny XX st. [The religious world of Ukrainian peasants in the second half of the 19th – the first
third of the 20th century ]. Cherkasy : Vertykal, vyd. PP Kandych S. H. [in Ukrainian].
Platmir, Ya. (2018). «Seliany staiut ukraintsiamy» : protsesy modernisatsii ukrainskoho sela
v interprytatsii Endriu Vilsona). [«Еasants become Ukrainians» : processes of modernization of the
Ukrainian village in the interpretation of Andrew Wilson]. Ukrainskyi selianyn. [Ukrainian peasant], 19, 108–110. [in Ukrainian].
Prysiazhniuk, Yu. (2007). Ukrainske selianstvo Naddniprianskoi Ukrainy : sotsiomentalna
istoriia druhoi polovyny XIX – pochatku XX st. [The Ukrainian peasantry of Naddnipryanshchyna : socio-mental history of the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries]. Cherkasy : Vertykal. [in Ukrainian].
Prysiazhniuk, Y. (2022). Metodychni aspekty vykladannia ahrarnoi istorii kintsia KhVIII
– pershoi polovyny KhIKh st. u ZZSO [Methodical aspects of teaching agricultural history (in the
late 18th – early 19th century) in general secondary education institutions]. Ukrainskyi Selianyn.
[Ukrainian peasant], 27, 61-66. (In Ukrainan). doi: 10.31651/2413-8142-2022-27-Prysiazhniuk.
Temirova, N. (2002). Materialno-tekhnichne zabezpechennia pomishchytskykh hospodarstv
Ukrainy naprykintsi ХІХ – nа pochatku ХХ st. [Material and technical support of landlord farms
of Ukraine at the end of the 19th – at the beginning of the 20th century]. Naukovi pratsi. [Scientific
works.], 4. Istorychni nauky, 83–87. [in Ukrainian].
Tryhub, P. (2003). Selianstvo Mykolaivshchyny v kintsi ХVIII – nа pochatku ХХ st. [The
peasantry of the Mykolaiv region at the end of the 18th - at the beginning of the 20th century]. Selianstvo Pivdnia Ukrainy : istoriia i suchasnist. Zbirka dopovidei Vseukrainskoi naukovoi konferentsii. [The peasantry of Southern Ukraine: history and modernity: a collection of reports of the AllUkrainian Scientific Conference]. Mykolaiv : MDHU imeni Petra Mohyly, 57–65. [in Ukrainian].
Farenii, I. (2014). Pro pravomirnist kontseptsii «Velykoi selianskoi revoliutsii»
V. P. Danylova. [On the legitimacy of the concept of «Great Peasant Revolution» V. P. Danilova].
Ukrainskyi selianyn . [Ukrainian peasant], 14, 162–166. [in Ukrainian].
Wilson, Е. (2004). Ukraintsi : nespodivana natsiia. [The Ukrainians : Unexpected Nation].
Кyiv : К. І. S. [in Ukrainian].