The peasant issue in the Second Polish Republic in the conception by Franciszek Bujak

Main Article Content

Lidiia Lazurko


The purpose of the study is to fully reproduce F. Bujak’s vision of the problems of the peasantry in the Polish
state restored in 1918 on new foundations. At the same time, attention is drawn to the fact that F. Bujak was the founder of
Polish historical and economic studies, and also had experience in political activity as the Minister of Agriculture.
The scientific novelty is that for the first time the materials of the journal “Wieś i Państwo” are included in the scientific
circulation, based on which F. Bujak’s views on the relationship between the peasantry and the state in the interwar period are
Conclusions. The view of the problem of the peasantry in interwar Poland by F. Bujak, a supporter of democracy and
social equality, was distinguished by its integrity and depth of understanding. The researcher considered the peasantry not only
the economic, but also the spiritual basis of the state. His attention was drawn to the issue of relations between the agrarian
state, which was then the Second Polish Commonwealth, and its own most numerous social group - the peasants. F. Bujak
presented quite balanced assessments of the real state of this problem, the solution of which he saw in the establishment of
national solidarity between different social strata. For this, he considered the need for state regulation and the presence of
socially significant laws to be justified. F. Bujak paid considerable attention to the problem of totalitarianism, in particular
the possibilities and features of its introduction in the young Polish state. He also analyzed the threats that such an evolution
of the political system could cause to the peasantry. F. Bujak considered the relations between the state and the peasants
in historical retrospect as a confrontation between the peasants and the nobility. In this context, he considered overcoming
mutual, historically determined prejudices to be one of the urgent tasks. And one of the main ways of this was supposed to be
the effective participation of the state in raising the educational and cultural level of the peasantry

Article Details

How to Cite
Lazurko, L. (2023). The peasant issue in the Second Polish Republic in the conception by Franciszek Bujak. Ukrainian Peasant, (29).
Agrarian history in names
Author Biography

Lidiia Lazurko, Ivan Franko Drohobych State Pedagogical University

PhD hab. (History), Professor of the Department of History of Ukraine and Jurisprudence,
Ivan Franko Drohobych State Pedagogical University, Drohobych


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