Memories of M. P. Ballina, M. V. Levytskoho, V. S. Nahirnoho about the cooperative movement of Ukraine in the second half of the 19th - the beginning of the 20th century

Main Article Content

Iryna Piatnytskova

Abstract

Introduction. The study of the experience of the cooperative movement is one of the promising areas of scientifi c research
in the conditions of economic reforms.
For a complete reconstruction of the history of the cooperative movement, studying its benefi ts and problems on the way
of implementation, it is important to use the whole complex of sources, including a special approach. Despite their subjective
nature, including it in the scientifi c study contributes to the factual, emotional and value content of the issue, which contributes
to a deeper understanding of it.
Purpose. The purpose of the study is to analyze the memories of M. P. Ballina, M. V. Levytskoho, V. S. Nahirnoho of the
development of the cooperative movement in Ukraine in the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century.
Methods. The principles of scientifi ty, historicism, and objectivity were observed in the study of this problem. It contains
general scientifi c methods of logical analysis, synthesis, comparison, summarization, and description, as well as historical
methods of scientifi c knowledge: problem-conceptual, problem-chronological, and historical-comparative.
Results. Based on the analysis of the memories of M. P. Ballina, M. V. Levytskoho, V. S. Nahirnoho it was determined
that they have a great source potential for studying the history of the cooperative movement in Ukraine in the second half of the
19th – the beginning of the 20th century. They revealed the biographical data of the fi rst cooperators, the development of their
cooperative views. The memoirs describe the process of opening the fi rst cooperatives in Ukraine, the diffi culties and obstacles
in the way of their establishment. Memories also allow us to study a wide range of problems in the history of Ukraine of the
second half of the 19th century – the beginning of the 20th century, namely the development of social and political currents,
cultural and educational activity of the Ukrainian intelligentsia, perception through the prism of the personality of the events
and processes characteristic of the examined period.
Originality. The memories of M. P. Ballina, M. V. Levytskoho, V. S. Nahirnoho has been comprehensively investigated.
Analyzed their content and identifi ed promising areas of their use as a historical source.
Conclusion. The memoirs of M. P. Ballina, M. V. Levytskoho, V. S. Nahirnoho are not only an important source of the
cooperative movement of Ukraine in the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century, but they also have a great
necklore potential for the complex creation of the history of the period in question.

Article Details

Section
Agrarian history in names
Author Biography

Iryna Piatnytskova, Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University

Candidate of Historical Sciences lecturer at the Department of History of Ukraine and Special Branches of History,
Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University, Vinnitsa, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5809-5212
e-mail: ipiatnickova@gmail.com

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