Kyiv durind the Holodomor-genocide (1932-1933)

Main Article Content

Andriy Ivanets
Ivan Petrenko

Abstract

Introduction. The criminal policy of excessive grain procurement, which the communist totalitarian regime used as a weapon
to subdue and destroy the Ukrainian nation, already in early 1932 led to large-scale famine and death rates in Ukraine, the Kuban
and those regions of the Soviet Union where millions of Ukrainians lived compactly. Large masses of Ukrainians from rural areas,
primarily from the Kyiv region, in 1932-1933 tried different ways and opportunities to reach Kyiv. In the big city, they hoped to
survive themselves and with their children from starvation, as well as get a job at one of Kyiv’s many plants, fl eeing from collective
farm slavery. However, the food and sanitary-epidemic situation in Kyiv was not much better than in the starving Ukrainian villages.
Thousands of Ukrainians living in Kyiv were forced to starve and live in inhumane living conditions, replenishing the number of victims
of the crime of the communist totalitarian regime every day.
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to investigate the socio-economic, food, material, household, epidemic situations in Kyiv
during the communist totalitarian regime’s genocide of Ukrainians in 1932-1933.
Methods of the study. To achieve this goal, problem-chronological, historical-comparative, system-structural, logical-analytical
and descriptive methods were used.
Originality. Based on a wide range of eyewitness testimonies that survived the Holodomor-genocide in Kyiv, a large amount of
published and archival documents, a comprehensive analysis of key aspects of life in Kyiv during the communist totalitarian regime’s
genocide of Ukrainians in 1932-1933 was made for the fi rst time.
Conclusion. Aiming to undermine the moral and psychological strength of the Ukrainian nation, its desire for national and state
revival, the communist totalitarian regime committed genocide against Ukrainians, using artifi cially organized famine as the main
instrument of the crime. The policy of excessive, criminal procurement of bread led to the Holodomor-genocide in Ukraine, the Kuban
and other regions of the Soviet Union, where Ukrainians lived compactly. Exhausted by starvation, Ukrainians went to large industrial
cities to escape from death and in hope to fi nd some food there. Kyiv was no exception in this context. During the Holodomor-genocide,
thousands of Ukrainians died on its streets, thousands of children became homeless or were sent to Kyiv orphanages. In turn, famine,
mass deaths and a terrible sanitary and epidemic situation provoked an outbreak of an epidemic of infectious diseases in Kyiv, which
also caused many deaths

Article Details

Section
The femine of the 1921 – 1923, the Holodomor 1932 – 1932
Author Biographies

Andriy Ivanets, National Museum of the Holodomor Genocide

Candidate of Sciences in History, Senior Research Fellow of the Holodomor Research Institute, National Museum of the
Holodomor Genocide, Kyiv, Ukraine
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7167-8183
e-mail: ivanpetrenko753@gmail.com

Ivan Petrenko, National Museum of the Holodomor Genocide

Candidate of Sciences in History, deputy director of the Holodomor Research Institute, National Museum of the
Holodomor Genocide, Kyiv, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7759-5298
e-mail: crimeaua@ukr.net

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